Food security is an existing global challenge. Everyone has to have stable access to an adequate quantity of nutritious and affordable supply of food that is subject to both quantitative and qualitative requirements. As per the Economic Research Service, especially in 67 low-income countries, developing countries are likely to suffer from escalating food gaps in the next decade, predominately Sub-Saharan African and South Asia
The vulnerability dimension of food security in Africa is made worse by vagaries of climate change that are anticipated to severely, negatively cast on the continent’s capacity to fight against hunger in the years to come. Given the wide range of hurdles the continent faces, African countries need, if eradication of food insecurity is sought, to make sustainable, long term political commitment. In doing so, African countries must ensure political stability, building effective institutions, twined with supporting policies, macroeconomic as well as pro-poor policies. This calls for a comprehensive approach that addresses food security through a multi-sectoral orientation and within the broader scope of rural and agricultural transformation, regional integration, and improved investment climate and investment levels
Ecological agriculture fosters biodiversity that is resilient to impacts of climate change (Ensor, 2009). It depends on and sustains ecosystem services as well as tapping into and enhancing the knowledge, practices and innovations of local communities leading to more reliable and increased food security and incomes. Biodiverse agriculture works with nature, in contrast to the 21st century ‘conventional/industrial’ agriculture, which leads to factory-style agricultural systems and reduced diversity (Ching, 2011). The challenge confronting nations then is to speed up, scale out, and share relevant knowledge, practices and experiences and appropriate policies and strategies to put into practice ecological organic agriculture by educators and farmers.
The Ecological Organic Agriculture (EOA) initiative in Africa comes in handy as an effort to support and implement the African Union Council Decision on Organic Farming passed during the Eighteenth Ordinary Session, 24-28 January 2011, EX.CL/Dec.621 (XVIII) and stipulates as follows:
The Executive Council,
i). Initiate and provide guidance for an African Union (AU)-led coalition of international partners on the establishment of an African organic farming platform based on available best practices; and
ii). Provide guidance in support of the development of sustainable organic farming systems and improve seed quality;